Edema (Leg Swelling)
|Symptoms||These include cosmetic concerns of spider veins and physical pain/discomfort of varicose veins, swelling of the leg, changes in skin color, as well as circulatory problems.|
|Medical Implications||If left untreated Edema is very dangerous. This can cause Venous Reflux, a progressive disease that can cause circulatory issues.|
|Treatment Options||Reduce daily sodium intake, avoid tight clothing and jewelry, avoid extreme temps, massaging the affected area, and being very cautious when you notice swelling.|
|Risk Factors||Increased Sodium intake, long periods of sitting, supine, or standing, pregnancy, hormonal changes. Several conditions like Congestive Heart Failure, Cirrhosis, Kidney Disease, Chronic Venous insufficiency, Chronic Lung Diseases, and a damaged lymphatic system can put you at risk.|
What is Edema?
Edema is the swelling of the body’s tissues due to excess interstitial fluid retention. It often affects the extremities of the body, like the legs.
How does Edema Develop?
Swelling of the leg is a sign that damaged or diseased vein valves are not functioning properly. Since the blood cannot be effectively returned to the Since the blood cannot be effectively returned to the heart, it pools in the leg resulting in higher than normal pressure (venous hypertension) which causes the leg to swell. This swelling is called edema.
Changes in the skin color is indication that venous reflux disorder is worsening. When blood flow back to the heart is inadequate it creates a higher than the normal pressure within the veins of the legs. This can lead to skin damage and changes in the skin’s color, or hyperpigmentation. Worsening venous reflux may also result in changes in the skin texture.